News

PAMI Working To Improve Pulse Crop Storage And Profitability

As the tonnage, and value, of pulse crops grows, so does the need for better information to help producers protect their investment when the grain is in the bin. It is a knowledge gap Prairie Agricultural Machinery Institute (PAMI) is working to fill with a two-year study into the management of stored pulses.

 

 

Click here to read the full News Release.

The PAMI Reports Fall / Winter 2017 Edition

PAMI Reports Fall / Winter 2017 edition is here!  To request a printed copy, email pami@pami.ca.

 

Click here to download.

 

We can help you access support from the National Research Council Industrial Research Assistance Program (NRC IRAP)

The National Research Council’s (NRC) Industrial Research Assistance Program (IRAP) promotes the development, adaption and/or adoption of technology by innovative Canadian small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). PAMI has established an agreement with IRAP to help Canadian SMEs access scientific, technical and business advice, and short-term technical services in support of advancing research and development activities.  Under this agreement, SMEs may access up to $7,500 in funding to assist in product and process development activities, and product commercialization efforts.  This will help SMEs streamline product development, expand innovation capacities, and enhance their ability to compete locally, nationally, and globally. SME’s may be eligible for the project if they are incorporated, for profit, have less than 500 employees, and are located in Canada.  Click here to learn more.

Contact us for details!

Visit us at the AMC Convention and Trade Show November 29 to December 1 in Saskatoon, Sk.

Visit us at the AMC Convention and Trade Show November 29 to December 1 in Saskatoon, Sk. PAMI & WESTEST representatives will be on-hand to answer all your machinery-related questions.

 

Click here for more details.

 

 

PAMI is hosting Western Economic Diversification WINN Information Session.

CALLING SMEs! PAMI is hosting Western Economic Diversification WINN Information Session Thursday, November 9 @ 10 a.m. at Humboldt, SK Head Office. Register here: https://www.wd-deo.gc.ca/eng/19484.asp#A4

Do you own a Massey Ferguson TO35, 35, 130, 135, 150, 230, or 235 tractor with NO roll over protection system (ROPS)? We want to hear from you!

PAMI is piloting a low-cost ROPS safety project. Here’s how it works:

1. PAMI provides you engineered drawings
2. You build the ROPS according to the specifications
3. PAMI tests the ROPS on our state-of-the-art equipment
4. If it passes, you build another ROPS to install on your tractor

Here’s what you get:
1. Money for materials
2. Money for some labour costs
3. Engineered-approved ROPS installed on your tractor
4. A safer tractor that protects you in case of roll-over

Check out the CCHSA – PAMI ROPS video!

Interested? Contact us today!

 

Combine Seed Loss Guide

Combine Seed Loss Guide

A method for determining seed loss from your combine based on weight, volume, or seed count with choppers and spreaders disengaged.

Developed by PAMI and Canola Council of Canada.

PAMI Advises Managing Grain In The Bin Carefully Even In Warm Harvest Weather

HUMBOLDT—This fall’s warm, dry weather forecast is a boon for producers but a researcher at Prairie Agricultural Machinery Institute (PAMI) cautions that grain has to be managed as intensively when it is stored in the bin as when it is being seeded and harvested.

Dr. Joy Agnew, project manager with PAMI Agricultural Research Services, said to minimize the risk of spoilage, both grain temperature and grain moisture content need to be controlled in the bin. “Even if the moisture content is considered dry, all grain must be cooled to 15°C or lower to maintain good storage conditions.”

Cooling grain is as simple as blowing air through it, said Agnew. Low airflow rates, around 0.1 to 0.2 cubic feet per minute (CFM) per bushel, are sufficient for cooling, provided the ambient air is cooler than the grain. “There may be some benefit to turning off the fan during the heat of the day, but as long as the ambient air temperature is even a few degrees lower than the grain, the fan should be running,” she advised.

It could take weeks before spoilage in hot, dry grain is noticed so Agnew suggests cooling the grain as soon as possible after binning. Although the target temperature is 15°C, Agnew encouraged producers to take advantage of any cool autumn air to reduce the average grain temperature to 5°C or lower.

“Fortunately, most bins are equipped with a fan and ducting systems that are well suited for aeration and temperature control,” she said. “The challenge comes when grain needs to be dried because natural air drying (NAD) requires a higher airflow rate—0.5-1 cfm/bu—and it is difficult to achieve these airflow rates with large grain depths.”

Selecting the right sized fan can be difficult and complicated, she admitted, “but an improperly sized fan could put the entire bin at risk of spoiling.” To help with the process, Agnew has produced a video entitled Selecting Fans for Grain Conditioning and Natural Air Drying that can be found here.

Agnew said it is important to remember airflow can be impeded when layers of grain in the bin are not uniform. With big bins, there is a higher chance it will contain grain from different fields harvested on different days with varying moisture content, different levels of maturity or different amounts of foreign material.

How the bin is filled is also important. “Central versus eccentric filling, loading from multiple ports and using grain spreaders and other devices will affect the uniformity of the grain properties and, just like variations in grain layers, can adversely affect the uniformity of airflow,” she said. “In real life, the grain mass is almost certainly not uniform, so airflow rates and uniformity are not well predicted or understood.”

Agnew said more research is needed into the effectiveness and economics of large bin grain storage to ensure producers are able to manage their crops after harvest with much less risk of loss.

PAMI STUDY RESULTS HELP SOYBEAN PRODUCERS INCREASE RETURNS

PORTAGE LA PRAIRIE – A recent study by Prairie Agricultural Machinery Institute (PAMI) has shown that two relatively minor changes in soybean harvest—reducing combine speed and investing in an air reel—can bring significant economic benefit to producers.

The study into optimizing combine efficiency when harvesting soybeans was carried out in 2016 near East Selkirk, MB and compared combine ground speeds of two, three, four and five miles per hour (mph). At two, three and four mph, losses were calculated at about 1.36 bushels per acre (bu/ac) but at five mph, the losses nearly doubled, to 2.18 bu/ac. Assuming a soybean price of $10/bushel, that means the difference between harvesting at four mph and five mph is $8.20 per acre.

Avery Simundsson, project leader with PAMI in Portage la Prairie, said that as new varieties make growing soybeans more appealing across the prairies, producers need this kind of information to ensure the highest possible returns.

“We were surprised at how obvious it was that speed could makes such a drastic difference,” she said. “The critical speed will vary slightly from our study but there will always be a point of exponential jump like we saw between four and five mph. Producers need to know where that point it for their particular circumstances.”

The PAMI study, which was funded by the Canada and Manitoba governments through Growing Forward 2, a federal-provincial-territorial initiative, also evaluated whether auger headers equipped with air reels are more efficient at picking up the crop, and they are. Simundsson said about 80 per cent of losses during harvest occur at the header but adding an air reel reduced losses by more than half when compared to losses recorded using just an auger header. Again assuming a $10/bu price for soybeans, that is a potential saving of about $12.50 per acre.

“It’s these kinds of relatively simple tweaks to harvest operations—slowing down and maybe investing in an air reel—that can help producers increase their returns by reducing the amount of beans, and profit, that’s left behind in the field.”

The complete PAMI Research Report can be downloaded here.

PAMI CORN FORAGE RESEARCH WILL PROVIDE VALUABLE INFORMATION FOR BEEF PRODUCERS

HUMBOLDT, SK—The Prairie Agricultural Machinery Institute (PAMI) is about half way through a three-year research project that will close the knowledge gap around corn forage production in Saskatchewan as an economically viable option for feeding cattle.

Interest in corn production for silage is growing in the province, said Dr. Joy Agnew, project manager with PAMI Agricultural Research Services, but agronomic recommendations are out of step with new hybrids developed for the province’s particular growing conditions. There is also a lack of information about the cost of corn production compared to other, more traditional silage crops like barley.

“Given the high input costs for corn and the slim margins in the beef industry, producers need the most accurate information possible in order to maximize their profitability.”

The research, which began in the spring of 2016 and is funded by the Ministry of Agriculture’s Canada-Saskatchewan Growing Forward 2 agreement, the Saskatchewan Cattlemen’s Association and PAMI, involves seeding different brands of corn at different rates and with different nitrogen fertilizer rates at each site, Agnew explained.

The work is being done at five Agri-ARM (Applied Research Management) sites across the province and at PAMI’s test site at Lanigan, she said. Monsanto and Pioneer are supporting the research project by providing seed corn, and Vaderstad donated a planter.

After harvest in each of the three years, forage samples are analyzed for total digestible nitrogen and crude protein, key indicators of feed quality. Tons-per-acre yield data for each seed brand and each seeding and nitrogen rate is also being collected.

Although there is still data to come from this year and 2018, Agnew said she is encouraged by what she sees in the results from 2016.

“There appear to be some statistically significant trends developing so we’re anxious to see the results we get over the next two years so we can do a detailed economic analysis of production costs and the feed value of corn. All of the data will enable us to provide growers with really valuable information about cost-effective forage production.”

“The Saskatchewan Cattlemen’s Association is interested in finding new methods that will help ensure the health and nutrition of our cattle, as well as the economic sustainability of our producers,” said Marianne Possberg, Beef Production Specialist, Saskatchewan Cattlemen’s Association. “We appreciate the work conducted by PAMI researchers.”