First Generation – Bioenergy Integration Technologies

First generation bioenergy technology can be integrated into existing oil & gas processing facilities fairly seamlessly and includes biofuels such as ethanol and biodiesel that can be used with conventional internal-combustion engines.

PAMI is currently conducting
projects in:

  • Biofuel technology: processing , cleanup, and use (with a focus on biodiesel)
  • Long-term internal combustion engine impact studies
  • New feedstock feasibility and evaluation studies

Studies to Determine Biomass Yield

  • PAMI undertook studies of several potential biomass crops to determine their yield potential, including:
    • Miscanthus
    • Millet
    • Sorghum
    • Switch grass
    • Bluestem grass.
  • PAMI operated demonstration plots at three sites in northeast Saskatchewan.
  • Studies were challenged by poor weather during the growing season and major weed competition.
  • Biomass yields ranged from 2.2 to 9.2 dry-matter tonnes/hectare.
  • A 2008 study (Keyowski & Fulton) estimated an efficient cellulosic ethanol operation would require a supply of 5,000 to 10,000 metric tonnes of biomass per day. Assuming an average biomass production of 10 tonnes per acre can be achieved, a land base of approximately 100,000 acres is needed to supply the feedstock for a single plant.

For details on current projects please email